How to Get ASD Essential 8 Alignment

How to Get ASD Essential 8 Alignment

In the modern digital landscape, cybersecurity is not just an IT concern but a foundational business imperative. For organisations intent on safeguarding their data, reputation, and continuity of operations, alignment with standards like the Australian Signals Directorate’s (ASD) Essential Eight is critical. If you are a Director, CISO, Business Owner, or CEO this article is tailored to help you understand and achieve alignment with the ASD Essential Eight.


The ASD Essential 8 is a set of strategies compiled by the Australian Signals Directorate to assist organisations in fortifying their cyber defences. It encapsulates a proactive approach to cybersecurity through the adoption of eight fundamental mitigation strategies designed to protect systems against a range of adversaries.

Understanding ASD Essential 8

Before embarking on the journey of ASD Essential 8 alignment, comprehending each of the eight mitigation strategies is crucial:

  1. Application Control: To prevent the execution of unapproved/malicious programs including .exe, DLL, scripts, and installers.
  2. Patch Applications: Timely patching of applications with ‘extreme risk’ vulnerabilities.
  3. Configure Microsoft Office Macro Settings: Block macros from the internet and allow only vetted macros to execute in ‘trusted locations’ with limited write access.
  4. User Application Hardening: Configure web browsers to block Flash, ads, and Java on the internet; disable unneeded features in Microsoft Office (like OLE), web browsers, and PDF viewers.
  5. Restrict Administrative Privileges: Manage privileges and monitor the use of administrative accounts.
  6. Patch Operating Systems: Patch/mitigate computers with ‘extreme risk’ vulnerabilities.
  7. Multi-Factor Authentication: Include strong authentication for sensitive data and resources.
  8. Daily Backup of Important Data: Backup data regularly and ensure that the restoration process is effective.

Benefits of ASD Essential 8 Alignment

Adhering to the ASD Essential 8 can significantly boost your organisation’s cybersecurity posture:

  • Mitigation of Cybersecurity Incidents: It provides a baseline defence strategy that protects against common cybersecurity threats.
  • Regulatory and Standards Compliance: Aligning with the ASD Essential 8 can help meet regulatory requirements and industry cybersecurity standards.
  • Strengthened Trust and Reputation: It signals commitment to cybersecurity, building trust among clients, partners, and stakeholders.

Implementation Strategy for ASD Essential 8

To implement the ASD Essential 8 effectively within an organisation, the following strategic steps are advised:

  • Conduct an Initial Assessment: Begin by assessing the current state of your systems and practices against the Essential 8 maturity model.
  • Develop a Roadmap: Outline a tailored implementation plan that addresses gaps and prioritises actions based on potential risks.
  • Allocate Resources: Ensure that there is adequate budgeting and staffing to support the adoption of these practices.
  • Training and Awareness: Conduct regular training sessions to educate employees about security protocols and the importance of each mitigation strategy.
  • Continuous Monitoring: Set up processes to constantly review and adjust your security measures to evolving threats and compliance requirements.
  • Document Policies and Procedures: Clearly document all cybersecurity policies and regularly update them as you refine your approach.
  • Regular Reporting: Keep management and stakeholders informed on the progress of implementing the Essential 8, including any challenges and solutions.

By following a structured implementation strategy, organisations can enhance their defences and minimise the likelihood and impact of cyber incidents.

Steps to Achieve ASD Essential 8 Alignment

  • Risk Assessment and Gap Analysis

Begin with a thorough assessment of your current cybersecurity practices against the Essential 8. This gap analysis will reveal areas of non-compliance and vulnerabilities.

  • Prioritisation and Planning

Develop a plan to address identified gaps, prioritising actions based on the impact and feasibility of implementation. 

  • Implementation of Mitigation Strategies

Systematically implement the necessary changes and improvements.

  • Application Whitelisting:

Implement controls to ensure only approved applications can run.

  • Patching:

Establish processes to routinely patch applications and operating systems.

  • User Rights Management:

Review and limit administrative privileges and implement multi-factor authentication.

  • Backup Regime:

Ensure regular, tested, and secure backups are in place.

  • Continuous Monitoring and Improvement

Cybersecurity is an evolving challenge, necessitating ongoing monitoring and adapting to emerging threats.

  • Training and Awareness Programs

Implementing a cybersecurity framework is incomplete without educating your workforce. Conduct regular training sessions to ensure all staff members understand the importance of cybersecurity, are aware of the policies in place, and are equipped to follow them. Include simulations of phishing and other common attacks in the training to develop real-world readiness.

  • Incident Response Planning

Prepare for potential security incidents by developing a detailed incident response plan. This should outline the steps to take when an incident occurs, define roles and responsibilities, and establish communication protocols both internally and with external stakeholders.

  • Audit and Compliance Checks

Regularly audit your cyber defences against the Essential 8 framework to ensure compliance and to identify areas needing improvement. Use these audits to adjust your cybersecurity strategies and training to protect your organisation better.

By incorporating these steps, organisations can create a robust security posture that aligns with the ASD Essential 8 and effectively protects against an array of cyber threats.


Cybersecurity is not a destination, it’s a continuous journey. Aligning with the ASD Essential 8 is an ongoing process that demands attention, investment, and leadership commitment. It’s an initiative that not only hardens your security posture but also instils a culture of cyber resilience throughout your organisation.

Remember, effective cybersecurity management is a competitive advantage that provides peace of mind in an increasingly uncertain digital world. The pathway to ASD Essential 8 alignment may necessitate effort and resources, but the potential cost of inaction far outweighs these investments. Take the first step towards a more secure future for your enterprise today.